Songbirds in Trade Database

All existing trade knowledge regarding the world’s songbirds in one place.



About the Songbirds

in Trade Database

The Songbirds in Trade Database (SiTDB) is the world’s first global open-source database of its kind. It is a unique compilation of national and international commercial trade data for live songbirds. Additionally, the SiTDB indicates the conservation implications of trade for as many species as possible. The SiTDB’s data are regularly updated to ensure a complete and current dataset.


Illegal and unsustainable trade is a growing threat to an increasingly long list of songbird species around the globe. When trade is unregulated, there are also risks and ethical concerns regarding animal welfare, the introduction of invasive alien species, zoonotic disease, and community exploitation. While some songbird species are traded for consumption, the vast majority are exploited for their song, plumage and in some cases, perceived rarity.

An improved understanding of domestic and international live songbird trade dynamics is crucial to flag conservation concerns, inform effective policy and enforcement interventions and catalyse conservation actions. The SiTDB was created to provide an open-access overview of our current trade knowledge pertaining to songbirds. The SiTDB can be used by professionals and non-professionals alike to delve into the songbird trade, identify knowledge gaps, support conservation efforts and policy change, and contribute to a sustainable future for songbirds. 



Data in the SiTDB is obtained from a carefully selected collection of sources, including peer-reviewed literature, published and unpublished trade notes by professionals in the fields of ornithology, aviculture and conservation, expert opinion, and direct observations made by members of the SiTDB Core Team. The SiTDB Core Team currently comprises SiTDB Curator Simon Bruslund (EAZA Silent Forest Coordinator, Marlow Birdpark Head of Conservation), Dr. Chris R. Shepherd (Executive Director Monitor Conservation Research Society), and Boyd Leupen (Programme Officer Monitor Conservation Research Society). The SiTDB includes records from 2006 onwards.

It indicates species’ presence in trade but not trade volumes.
For a detailed explanation of how the SiTDB works, please see our User Guide.

How to cite the SiTDB

When referencing the SiTDB in your work, please use the following suggested citations:

General citation: Bruslund, S. et al. (2022). Songbirds in Trade Database (version 1.0). Monitor Conservation Research Society. Accessed on [date] at

Individual species citation: Bruslund, S. et al. (2022). [species scientific name] in Songbirds in Trade Database (version 1.0). Monitor Conservation Research Society. Accessed on [date] at


Trade threat assessments in the SiTDB are executed by the SiTDB Core Team and are based on trade and population data gathered from the sources mentioned in the methodology and User Guide. These assessments should be interpreted as expert opinion.  

While Monitor Conservation Research Society endeavours to keep the SiTDB free of errors, we cannot make guarantees to that effect or that there will be uninterrupted access to the SiTDB and shall not be liable for any damage that may be incurred as a result of using of the SiTDB.

The SiTDB website may contain links to other websites. The data privacy practices of those third-party websites might differ from those adhered to by Monitor Conservation Research Society.

Other information pertaining to Terms of Use, Cookie Statement and Privacy Policy can be found here. MONITOR ToU, Cookies statement and Privacy Policy

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